Luxury Institute News

November 2, 2017

Millennial Debt, Data-Driven Relationships, And Survival Of The Store Among Luxury Institute’s Top Ten Luxury Trends For 2018

NEW YORK, NY–(November 01, 2017) - Changes in the luxury market in the coming year are driven by factors from the financial challenges of millennials to the increasingly omnichannel nature of the customer experience and the ascendancy of data and artificial intelligence in building relationships. At the October meeting of the Luxury Client Experience Board, Luxury Institute CEO, Milton Pedraza analyzed the current state of the high-end market and presented the Luxury Institute’s “Ten Luxury Trends For 2018″ focused on the importance of services within the luxury industry and the distribution of wealth among luxury consumers.

Top executives in attendance from major luxury brands, including fashion retail, watches & jewelry, textiles, hotels and resorts, entertainment and media, as well as representatives from data-driven marketing agencies and innovative technology firms, broke into smaller groups to identify ways in which brands can complement their product offerings with a service component.

Luxury Institute’s 10 Luxury Trends For 2018

1. Growth remains uneven for luxury goods, but solid growth continues in luxury services, particularly health & wellness, beauty, travel, and technology. Sales growth will be sluggish in categories like apparel, accessories, and jewelry. Apparel is an example of a commodity category that is only becoming cheaper. The ability to produce original product that commands premium pricing is limited when fast fashion brands like Zara and H&M can quickly produce a low-cost imitation of an expensive item from a luxury house; an appealing alternative for many cash-strapped millennials and others facing constrained consumption. Offerings like these may not have the same quality of items from more prestigious brands, but they have the look and they are widely accessible. While there will be a few apparel and accessories brands that are major exceptions to this trend, most brands in these categories will feel the effects. Jewelry is another commodity category with a low opportunity to differentiate. Watches are in lower demand, because people simply don’t wear them frequently, especially younger people. Millennials are three times as likely as consumers 55-years and older not to own a watch. Growth looks to be robust by comparison on the services side, with consumers of all ages preferring to consume experiences more than they want more products. Boomers are downsizing and decluttering, while millennials face the need to prioritize purchases. Consumers will continue to find money in the budget for services provided by health and wellness companies like SoulCycle, Equinox, and Ulta Beauty, as well as for upgraded health care services, high-end travel, and massage therapy. Technology is another area where consumers continue to boost spending to upgrade into the latest devices and to take advantage of lifestyle enhancements available in every room of the connected home.

2. Millennials are much more numerous than boomers (92 million vs. 77 million) but their spending power will be subdued for years to come. The younger generation wrestles with staggering levels of student debt, low-paying jobs, and postponement of family formation. Millennials are not spurning luxury goods as much by choice as they are out of economic necessity. Student debt has more than doubled in the past decade to more than $1.5 trillion in outstanding higher education loans. Loan repayment consumes a considerable share of disposable income for graduates who last year left school with an average debt of $37,172. Many holders of college degrees take on the debt and then find themselves involuntarily underemployed as baristas or otherwise working at jobs that pay far lower than what would be necessary to make them comfortable. Marrying later in life also correlates with lower levels of wealth accumulation through home ownership, investing, and more moderate spending habits.

3. An over-hyped generational wealth transfer will begin slowly, and may well disappointthose who are banking on it. Wall Street has long been anticipating a massive transfer of $30 trillion in assets from baby boomers to their heirs over the next several decades. Millennials seem to be anticipating it, too, with 59-years being the average age at which people under 35 plan to retire; six years earlier than age 65, the average age boomers plan on retiring. Millennials may not want to make too many plans for spending the money. A recent survey by Natixis shows 70% of millennials expect to receive a large inheritance from their family, but only 40% of baby boomer parents plan to leave an inheritance to their children. Some of that wealth may be lost to future market returns, and rising costs of health care in old age, like the nationwide median monthly cost of $7,698 for a private room in a nursing home. Current economic headwinds hitting millennials, along with uncertainty over whether mom and dad will bail them out, imperils the future net worth of a large percentage of the millennial generation.

4. Tax cuts may be coming, but don’t expect a big boost to luxury spending. Most taxpayers would get at least some tax relief next year if the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate pass tax cuts this fall, but the biggest benefits would accrue to the top 1% of earners. An analysis of President Trump’s proposals by the Tax Policy Center showed that the tax burden on taxpayers with incomes of $150,000 to $300,000 could actually increase due to the elimination of popular itemized deductions like those for state and local taxes. After-tax income would jump 10.2% for the top 0.1% who earn $3,439,000 and up, but rise just 0.8% on average for those earning between $149,400 and $216,800. Whatever tax savings these consumers achieve will likely be consumed by credit card and automobile debt, with little left over for additional luxury spending. In the luxury goods market, the top 5% of your customers generate 40% of sales, with the middle 15% generating 30%, and the bottom 80% accounting for another 30%. With little net benefit accruing to most of these groups, lackluster gains in overall luxury spending should come as no surprise next year.

5. Luxury firms place greater emphasis on emotional benefits for the consumer and focus less on product functionality. Through reverse engineering and nimble manufacturing, mainstream goods have largely incorporated the features of luxury goods. There will be less focus on the functionality of items that consumers are purchasing, and a greater effort on the part of luxury brands to generate emotional benefits. There is no universal roadmap for producing emotional connections with customers. Doing so successfully incorporates elements of authentic storytelling and communication of brand identity, with rigorous empirical testing to see what really resonates with the clientele.

6. The appeal of the surrounding shopping center or village is rivaling the importance of the individual store in attracting traffic drawn to a retail destination for the quality of the overall experience. The entire shopping center, or the mall, have to create a great experience, and those on the leading edge of luxury offer shoppers spas, art exhibitions, music and other entertainment to enhance the shopping experience. Staff at these shopping centers, from the valets to the shop clerks, provide gracious, helpful, and expert service to create a positive emotional experience. Potential clients may visit an individual store, but they are more likely to be drawn to retail destinations that make them feel special throughout the entire customer experience.

7. The in-store experience finally gets the focus it deserves in terms of training people, redesigning the customer experience, and upgrading technology and systems for inventory management and merchandising. E-commerce accounted for 11.7% of total retail sales last year, and drove 41.6% of all retail sales growth in 2016, according to the U.S. Commerce Department. There are signs of a plateau in online sales growth rates for companies not named Amazon. The 14.3% growth rate in web commerce in the final quarter of 2016 was the smallest year-over-year increase since the fourth quarter of 2014. Amazon’s revenue grew 31.3% to $147 billion, accounting for 37% of total sales on the web of $395 billion in 2016. As online growth rates slow further, luxury brands will turn attention back to the store, in many cases totally redesigning the space, while investing in people and technology to optimize the in-store customer experience.

8. Companies will increasingly adopt seamless channel integration between online and in-store experiences. There is a digital transformation that’s required across all channels as companies realize that the consumer experience is non-linear. They may research products in one place, obtain pricing information at another, and then choose to make the final purchase either in-store or online. They may purchase online, and bring returns to the store. Brands must optimize technology to be agile enough to provide their back-office and front-line people with what they need. A seamless channel goes beyond having access to products either in-store or online. Consumers should be able to transact in any way they choose via any channel that the brand offers and 2018 is a critical year for this objective to be met.

9. Data collection and data quality become urgent in order to feed artificial intelligence initiatives. Highly-publicized breaches of sensitive personal data, like the hack at Equifax, have consumers on edge about protecting personal information, but adaptive organizations must continue to collect and analyze customer data to produce more productive relationships with analytics and artificial intelligence. The front-line sales team must be equipped with more than just a ‘black book’ to write down customer information. What matters most is not the algorithm, but the data to feed it. Data is critical if you are a luxury brand, but if you don’t have data to mine, you will be at a major disadvantage that will become an existential threat.

10. Selecting, developing, and retaining talent become even more critical skills. Recruiting and selecting employees capable of growing the business is not a matter of luck. It is a high performance skill. Most innovative firms are using artificial intelligence to help identify desirable candidates, and to provide on-the-job training and coaching. Instead of providing only sporadic education for employees, successful firms are transforming themselves into universities that teach life skills to their employees, like emotional intelligence, which results in higher client performance metrics and productivity. The idea is to create an atmosphere in which people feel cared for and an environment in which they have the right tools so they can prosper. Front-line professionals will need to combine technology advances with their own emotional intelligence skills to be true brand ambassadors, far beyond most current sales associate job descriptions. The front line of the future will need to have the skills to creatively demonstrate expertise, deep empathy, trustworthiness and generosity to engage productively with clients.

Building Relationships Based On Data

Luxury Client Experience Board event partner, Epsilon, a global marketing company, explained the importance of understanding and analyzing data to gain insights into building relationships and creating superior customer experiences. Epsilon presented a case study of their client, iPic Theaters, the innovative disrupter in the theater and cinema industry. In the case of iPic, there is more of an emphasis on the service of providing a customized dining and viewing experience, and less of an emphasis on the product of the actual film showing on the screen.

Epsilon’s perspective on taking the guess-work out of creating a holistic focus on service and experience through the collection of accurate, qualitative data resonated with the group. Ultimately, insights derived from data, paired with an emotionally intelligent workforce, will be the keys to creating customer experiences that excel.

For more information on best practices in luxury and client experience, visit www.LuxuryInstitute.com, or contact CEO Milton Pedraza with questions and information about becoming a member of the Luxury Client Experience Board. 

About the LCEB: The Luxury Client Experience Board (LCEB) is a membership association of luxury industry practitioners, co-founded by Luxury Institute and The Ritz-Carlton to enhance the education and development of leading luxury brands. LCEB members receive ongoing education opportunities in industry best practices through original research and interactive events. Members come from diverse industries, united in their goal to build long-term, high-performance relationships with clients by delivering exceptional, seamless, and measurable omni-channel client experiences daily.

Source: http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/millennial-debt-data-driven-relationships-and-survival-of-the-store-among-luxury-institutes-2239087.htm

December 15, 2016

Net-A-Porter is 2016 Luxury Retailer of the Year

Luxury Daily
December 15, 2016
By: Staff

 

Net-A-Porter ad campaign 

Online retailer Net-A-Porter Group is Luxury Daily’s 2016 Luxury Retailer of the Year for its introduction of traditionally ecommerce-averse brands to an online audience.

Net-A-Porter and its brother site Mr Porter placed ahead of first runner’s-up Nordstrom and second runner’s-up Barneys New York thanks to their coveted exclusives and innovations in service and selling. These three retailers demonstrated a willingness to integrate digital touchpoints into the shopping experience, additions that luxury stores are facing increasing pressure to implement.

The Luxury Retailer of the Year award was decided based on luxury marketing efforts with impeccable strategy, tactics, creative, executive and results. All candidates selected by the Luxury Daily editorial team and from reader nominations had to have appeared in Luxury Daily coverage this year. Judging was based purely on merit.

Nothing but net

Net-A-Porter has carved a niche in luxury ecommerce, convincing brands that previously did not sell online to give it a try.

In 2016, Net-A-Porter and Mr Porter became the first solely online outlet to retail IWC Schaffhausen’s timepieces. Similarly, Tiffany chose Net-A-Porter as its exclusive ecommerce partner, making the retailer the only place to buy its jewelry online aside from the brand’s own Web site (see story).

tiffany.NAP east west tiff blue

Tiffany’s collaboration has expanded to watches

Other highlights included an exclusive capsule of Gucci merchandise and the debut of Prada’s ready-to-wear collections online (see story).

Net-A-Porter also showed a willingness to adopt new forms of retail, teaming up with digital fashion rental service Armarium to bridge the gap between borrowing and investing. Net-A-Porter enabled Armarium users to purchase full-price apparel and accessories directly to complete their look (see story).

Reflecting this idea of the luxury shopper who buys at multiple price points, the retailer also launched a collaboration with retailer J. Crew and established a demi-fine jewelry category on its site, with pieces that start at around $30 (see story).

Aside from its product selection, Net-A-Porter also branched out in its advertising efforts. In a break from its tradition of a single campaign face, Net-A-Porter recruited five up-and-coming models of different races and looks for its fall/winter seasonal ad effort, which includes still imagery and a video component (see story).

Net-A-Porter. PRINT DRESS fw2016

Net-A-Porter’s advertising campaign

Net-A-Porter Group also beefed up its content, upping its posting frequency on both its namesake site and Mr Porter from weekly magazines to daily updates. Looking to be a resource for more than just fashion, Mr Porter brought back its Style Council recommendation column (see story).

Mr Porter also found a new way to deliver content, creating a two-screen shopping experience for the Apple TV centered on its videos (see story).

 

Mr-Porter-Apple-TV-400

Mr Porter’s Apple TV app

Service strategy

In 2016, Net-A-Porter built on its existing customer service by making its extremely important people, or “EIPs,” into a formal loyalty program. This included giving these high-spending clientele the ability to preview select merchandise before it became live.

“In 2016 Net-A-Porter has demonstrated strong growth by showcasing our unparalleled product offering, customer retention rate and service, and our unique content offering as not only an online luxury retailer but a media company,” said Marilyn Webber, global director of marketing at Net-A-Porter. “Our product offering in 2016 championed hero brands such as Gucci and Prada as well as a variety of new contemporary lines to appeal to a new customer base.

“We have continued to strengthen customer relationships through our EIP programs, tech advances such as upload previews and SMS shopping updates, and by creating intimate events for customers, friends of the brand and press in new and existing key markets,” she said. “We strive to pursue custom content through our customer emails, push notifications, editorial content and comprehensive campaigns highlighting Net-A-Porter’s seasonal direction.”

Continuing its focus on delivery and 24/7 availability, during the summer months, Net-A-Porter struck up a partnership with Blade to deliver packages to the Hamptons and other hamlets on Long Island’s East End. Net-A-Porter’s same-day delivery service is offered year-round for consumers in the Greater New York area, with an extended practice to the Hamptons available in the summer months (see story).

net-a-porter.blade helicopters

Net-A-Porter’s Blade helicopters

“Our efforts to connect with our customer on a personal level and appeal to their everyday lives is integral for the growth of our business,” Ms. Webber said. “We continue to offer a vast variety of product across categories with exclusive collections, brand collaborations and a ‘wear-now, buy-now’ edit that meets our customers’ needs year round. 

“While Net-A-Porter has established itself as the ultimate destination for luxury fashion and lifestyle, we continue to push the envelope by tapping into new markets through targeted activations and events, constantly elevating our marketing campaigns through new creative direction across a myriad of platforms and by offering unprecedented customer service through our global personal shopping and customers service teams,” she said. “In 2016, we have focused on captivating new customers, enhancing our technology, and executing a strong social and editorial content strategy for our site and media platforms.”

Net-A-Porter, together with Yoox, has seen its revenues climb as other retailers struggle in a difficult climate (see story).

Nordstrom sees anew
First runner’s-up Nordstrom found creative ways of reaching out to a younger generation of shoppers.

Whether hosting a party for 2,000 undergrad students based on a Snapchat contest (see story), or popping up at music festivals with experiential pods (see story), the retailer proved it is able to communicate via millennials’ preferred channels. The retailer has also proven it does not take itself too seriously, playing into the mass confusion surrounding a leather-clad rock for sale (see story).

Nordstrom SXSW 2016 Beauty

Inside Nordstrom’s pods at South by Southwest

The Luxury Institute’s third annual Luxury Multi-Channel Engagement Index, released late in 2015, found that Nordstrom has one of the highest satisfaction levels among affluent shoppers.

Nordstrom topped the rankings of more categories than any other retailer. Among them: its convenient refund/return policy, carrying relevant products and styles, having a navigable Web site, including helpful ratings and reviews and good shipping policies online, convenient locations and in carrying products that are complimented by others. It also beat out national retailers in prices and having good personalized shopping (see story).

This focus on its customers is evident in the chain’s holiday campaign, which features letters of appreciation to real shoppers (see story).

Love, Nordstrom

Love, Nordstrom campaign

The retailer’s individualized assistance is now being delivered by more than just its associates. Aligned with the holiday season, Nordstrom launched a chatbot to provide gifting suggestions (see story).

Nordstrom is also testing out various personalization efforts through digital such as a solution that will notify store associates that a mobile application user has crossed the geofence into the store so they can ready a dressing room. The department store has seen positive adoption with its innovative technology and convenient programs such as curbside pickup (see story).

Nordstrom Anniversary Sale OOTD

Nordstrom’s Anniversary Sale leveraged social media content in-store

Nordstrom, which styled the nominees and presenters at the 70th annual Tony Awards, built upon its placement with a live shopping experience. As performers appeared wearing items from the retailer, viewers could click to buy from their couch (see story).

Along with service, a focus on product curation led to additional locations for the retailer’s Space shop-in-shop concept for emerging designers (see story) and Hermès’ first accessory-centric pop-up, which will be up for almost a year (see story).

A Los Angeles Nordstrom also paved the way for Tesla to engage with affluent shoppers through an in-store gallery (see story).

Barneys comes home
In 2016, second runner’s-up Barneys New York reopened downtown, marking the occasion with a charitable auction, an ad campaign celebrating the multifaceted makeup of New York and a steady stream of content. Included in its editorial features was the launch of a digital city guide, a feature that has since added ideas for destinations including Miami, Los Angeles, Seattle, Paris, Chicago, Boston and San Francisco.

Barneys outfitted its newly opened Chelsea store with iBeacons, using the devices combined with RichRelevance’s Relevance Cloud to deliver personalized notifications and content such as articles, videos and look books to shoppers’ mobile devices when they are within the flagship. At the time, Barneys said it was the first luxury retailer to use iBeacons in a bricks-and-mortar space (see story).

barneys.chelsea womens scott frances

Inside Barneys’ new Chelsea flagship

Aside from returning downtown, Barneys honored its heritage, by publishing its first book in its 93-year history (see story).

Unafraid to push boundaries, the window displays at Barneys’ Madison Avenue and Chelsea stores this year have included lifelike mannequins, deconstructed vintage cars and art gallery-style displays.

 

Barneys Chanel window cruise 2017

Chanel window display at Barneys

Barneys also used its position to garner attention for causes, such as gender equality (see story). The retailer’s holiday campaign invited consumers to use social media as a platform to enact Love, Peace and Joy (see story).

Diversifying its product selection and embracing the fashion industry’s changing norms, the retailer invited vintage ecommerce site Resee.com for a pop-up and was one of the multi-brand stores that carried Burberry’s first see-now, buy-now collection right off the runway.

Source: https://www.luxurydaily.com/net-a-porter-is-2016-luxury-retailer-of-the-year/

December 8, 2016

SURVEY: AFFLUENT CUSTOMERS RATE JEWELERS AS PROVIDER OF TOP CUSTOMER SERVICE

The Israeli Diamond Industry
December 8, 2016
A new survey by the Luxury Institute, conducted among the top 10% earners in the US, the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and China, has found that quality and customer service are the two most important attributes that affluent consumers use to define a product’s luxury status. According to Gem Konnect, jewelry and hospitality brands have the best customer service staff, while real estate and designer shoes were rated the worst in that regard.

In addition, customers in the UK and US are more likely to rate customer service as a necessity for luxury than customers in Japan and China. Superior design ranks third in the list of luxury attributes, and it is more important to UK and US customers than in other countries.

59% of US respondents and 33% of respondents across the other six countries ranked superior craftsmanship in fourth place.

Luxury Institute CEO Milton Pedraza said: “Half of the affluent consumers we just surveyed say that luxury sales associates deliver a personalised and relationship-oriented experience, which is encouraging, but it also suggests plenty of room for improvement when it comes to delivering a superior customer experience”.

Source: http://en.israelidiamond.co.il/News.aspx?boneId=918&objid=17706&cat=2

December 6, 2016

Fashion shows prove less important to affluent millennials: Shullman

Luxury Daily
By: Brielle Jaekel
December 6, 2016

Affluent millennials

Millionaires from the X generation hold onto traditional luxury events while millionaire millennials are straying away from happenings such as fashion shows and auto races, according to a new report from Shullman Research Center.

 While there are vast differences in culture, behavior and values between lower income consumers versus millionaires, this also holds true for differing generations. For instance, family is the top priority in millionaire Gen-Xers’ lives with 89 percent believing so, but only 67 percent of millionaire millennials say the same.

“When luxury marketers and their agencies think about how to reach and potentially communicate their messages to millionaires in ways beyond the traditional and digital media channels, they need to realize that millionaires are a materially different breed of consumer— different not only from those with fewer financial resources, but also from one another generationally,” said Bob Shullman, CEO of Shullman Research Center. “Marketers of luxury products and services who are not knowledgeable about these differences do so at their own and their company’s peril.

“Notably, from our perspective, it is surprising how different millionaire Gen-Xers are in their sporting, lifestyle and cultural interests compared with millennial and boomer millionaires,” he said.

The research was conducted online that surveyed 1,690 respondents with household incomes of at least $75,000.

Differing values
The differences between millionaire millennials and Gen-Xers are also displayed in their varying interests in sports. Millennials are more interested in adventure-like sports such as snorkeling, jogging and rollerblading while Gen-Xers are interested in traditional affluent sports such as tennis and golf.

Necker Cup tennis 3

Affluent Gen-Xers value tennis

Only 19 percent of millionaire millennials plan to play tennis in the next year, whereas 45 percent of Gen-Xers are likely to play. However, 24 percent of affluent millennials claim to be planning to snorkel in the next year while only 2 percent of Gen-Xers are likely to.

Millennials who are millionaires are also more interested in painting and the arts compared to their predecessors. About 26 percent of millennials are interested in painting and drawing compared to 13 percent of Gen-Xers.

However, baby boomers are almost as interested in painting as millennials, with 24 percent.

Giorgione painting

Giorgione painting

Interest in museums is completely disconnected throughout generations. Forty-two percent of baby boomers are interested in museums, but only 9 percent of generation X and 10 percent of millennials are interested.

More insight
Quality over price is exceedingly important when it comes to millionaires and affluent Americans. For instance, 83 percent of all generations value quality over price when deciding on purchases.

This is also true for 96 percent of millennials, 81 percent of Gen-Xers and 75 percent of baby boomers.

Other research by the Luxury Institute showed that quality tops attributes such as craftsmanship and service as the number one defining attribute affluent consumers use to discern a good’s luxury status.

Behind quality comes customer service, which more than half of consumers mentioned as a characteristic they associate with luxury. Despite global trends, residents of individual nations have varied priorities when it comes to luxury goods, with differing sentiments towards the value of products (see more).

The drastic shift in consumer behavior from the rapid evolution of technology has resulted in a 20 percent drop in customer spend with luxury brands, according to another Luxury Institute.

Luxury Institute’s “2016 State of the Luxury Industry” report shows that consumers are spending much less in the luxury market compared to two years ago, but luxury marketers will have an uphill battle to determine how to combat this. While digital and mobile avenues are vital to success for any retailer or brand, it seems that affluent consumers are interested more in shopping with luxury brands at bricks-and-mortar locations (see more).

“We were very surprised by how much more millionaire Gen-Xers are into attending fashion and trunk shows and auto races compared with millennial millionaires (for example, 35 percent of Gen-Xer millionaires are into attending auto races compared with 1 percent of millennials while 36 percent of the Gen-Xers attend fashion and trunk shows while only 7 percent ofmMillennials attend these shows),” Mr. Shullman said.

Source: https://www.luxurydaily.com/fashion-shows-prove-less-important-to-affluent-millennials-shullman/

December 2, 2016

55pc of affluents deem luxury prices unjustified by product value

Luxury Daily
By: Staff Reports
December 2, 2016

Image courtesy of Printemps 

Quality tops attributes such as craftsmanship and service as the number one defining attribute affluent consumers use to discern a good’s luxury status, according to new research by the Luxury Institute.

Behind quality comes customer service, which more than half of consumers mentioned as a characteristic they associate with luxury. Despite global trends, residents of individual nations have varied priorities when it comes to luxury goods, with differing sentiments towards the value of products.

Luxury Institute’s survey was conducted in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and China, with respondents from about the top 10 percent of earners in their respective countries.

Divided priorities

Customers in the U.K. and the U.S. are more apt than respondents from Japan and China to mention superior customer service as a necessity for luxury. A superior design ranks third, but those in the U.K. and U.S. mention it more frequently than those from other countries.

While superior craftsmanship comes in fourth among global consumers, this attribute is mentioned by 59 percent of U.S. residents, compared to 33 percent across the other six nations.

Personalized offers, loyalty programs and value add-ons were mentioned by less than a quarter of consumers, but those who do define luxury by these points are inclined to say they are improving.

There is a disparity about the general quality of luxury goods. Those in China and Italy are more likely to report improvement in quality, while those in the U.S. are more apt to believe that luxury goods’ quality is declining.

When considering the ideal front line staff in a luxury boutique, courtesy and politeness are most important to affluent shoppers. Product expertise is a close second, with more than half saying they look for this knowledge in the associates they deal with.

 

Hugo Boss On Demand

Boss on Demand

The survey participants mentioned jewelry and hospitality brands as having the best customer service staff, while real estate and designer shoes got the least nods for their quality of service.

“From our numerous one-on-one discussions with luxury CEOs, we’ve often heard that a majority of success stems from superior products, but the rest depends on relationship-building expertise and execution of front-line teams,” says Milton Pedraza, CEO of the Luxury Institute. “Half of affluent consumers we just surveyed say that luxury sales associates deliver a personalized and relationship-oriented experience, which is encouraging, but it also suggests plenty of room for improvement when it comes to delivering a superior customer experience.

Even with the rise of digital channels, frontline sales staff are far from obsolete, according to results of a survey conducted by InMoment.

The bricks-and-mortar shopping experience no longer exists in a vacuum, with consumers arriving at a store armed with information from research conducted before or even during their trip. However, while shoppers spend about twice as much in-store when they navigate to a brand’s Web site while shopping, their expenditures grow to four times more if they interact with both an associate and the brand’s Web site while in-store (see story).

Source: https://www.luxurydaily.com/55pc-of-affluents-deem-luxury-prices-unjustified-by-product-value/

 

November 14, 2016

Eyeing incipient need, Luxury Institute founder launches Retail Performance Academy

Luxury Daily
By: Mickey Alam Khan
November 14, 2016

Milton Pedraza, CEO of the Luxury Institute and a luxury marketing expert who has helped brands such as Gucci, Bottega Veneta, Intermix and Porsche, has set his sights on one of the most challenging aspects of retail: qualified talent.

As founder of the newly launched Retail Performance Academy, Mr. Pedraza aims to introduce high-caliber training, coaching and networking to select students who will then graduate onto retail jobs in luxury and other sectors within the $5 trillion retail business in the United States. The non-accredited Elite Retail Program will run 10 weeks, three nights a week, followed by nine months of coaching and mentoring.

“There is a crisis today in retail,” New York-based Mr. Pedraza said. “Simply put, there are many high-paying, front-line jobs in retail and a lack of qualified candidates.

“Many retail executives that I meet lament privately that the retail industry fails to select and educate most of the people they recruit,” he said.

“Meanwhile, the industry bleeds associates, and clients, who are dissatisfied with the experience, even at top-tier luxury brands.”

In this Q&A, Mr. Pedraza discusses the state of retail and why it cannot hold on to its talent, especially sales-level staff, how the Retail Performance Academy meets a need, the process of recruiting and placing students and the role of bricks-and-mortar stores in an era where shopping and buying are increasing migrating to online and mobile. Please read on.

In an age of growing digital sales, including ecommerce and mobile, why come up with the idea of the Retail Performance Academy?
It’s a question of quality over quantity.

Digital will continue to grow, and there may be less stores, and less sales associates, relatively speaking.

However, according to the 2016 World Economic Forum report on “The Future of Jobs,” specialized sales representatives will always be in high demand, second only to data analysts.

Think of what Apple would be without its front-line associates.

Retail Performance Academy is an innovative training alternative to college, and/or supplementary to college. It is modeled after a post-graduate invitation-only program I have been attending at Stanford Business School on Scaling Up Excellence.

There are three secrets to the success of Stanford and other great educational institutions such as Harvard.

First, selecting the best people.

Second, having the best teachers, educational content and standards.

Third, maintaining a network that helps the alumni thrive, especially after they graduate.

Similarly, Retail Performance Academy will select applicants with great people skills through a rigorous interview process similar to the Ritz-Carlton and Apple.

We expect to accept only 10-20 percent of applicants.

Once accepted, students will master client relationship building expertise through deliberate practice and coaching methods pioneered and proven with top-tier brands.

Then, we will use best efforts to fast-track these students into our network of top-tier retail brands.

After students are certified and go to work at a top-tier brand, they will continue to receive coaching and mentoring from advisors for nine additional months to help them be effective on the job.

There will be an extensive alumni and retail executive network that will scale and thrive over time.

The famed Rodeo Drive in Los Angeles' Beverly Hills areaThe famed Rodeo Drive in Los Angeles’ Beverly Hills area

Retail’s in quite a dodgy shape right now, over-stored, weakening customer and employee loyalty and the threat of Amazon. Is customer-ready talent key to bringing back some of the shine?
Yes, retail is undergoing a fantastic revolution.

A tremendous amount of creative destruction and innovation is required.

Brands are going to have to differentiate dramatically, or die.

Technology will be part of the solution, but great technology is usually a commodity, and rarely a differentiator.

The algorithmic approach to personalization will only go so far with human beings.

One small, but telling, piece of evidence for the need for human expertise and emotional connection is the fact that the use of top-tier travel agents by millennials is up 50 percent in the past year.

In many industries, the synthesis of technology with high performers is the winning formula.

I don’t know one retail executive who doesn’t state that the performance of front-line people is in the top three of the critical success factors.

The relationship skills provided by Retail Performance Academy will prove to be one of key innovations that will be required to overcome the challenges of retail.

Which class of retailers are you specifically targeting with the academy?
We are targeting online and omnichannel specialty, premium, and luxury retailers in dozens of categories.

These are the classic high-value categories such as apparel and accessory, jewelry, watches, technology, automotive, appliances and furniture.

Department stores are also going to a concession model, and many people believe that the boutique retailer is coming back with a vengeance.

All of those retailers are starving for associates who can build a portfolio of loyal clients.

Only a few retailers are skilled at selecting and training, and even they can’t keep up with the demand for top people.

New York's Fifth Avenue near Rockefeller Center and SaksNew York’s Fifth Avenue near Rockefeller Center and Saks

How will you source students?
We believe there are several sources of students.

First are the high school graduates with good grades, who may not want to attend, or be able to afford, college.

Then there are people who don’t graduate, who account for 45 percent of all people who enter college.

Then there are the 44 percent of college graduates who are underemployed – think about baristas, valets, et cetera: honorable, yet, low-paying jobs.

There are also career changers such as the millions of mothers re-entering the work force, or people who retired early, and want to get back to work.

Many people currently working in retail may have the people skills, yet, are not getting the training, practice, coaching and important network access they need to reach their true earning potential.

Finally, there are thousands of small high-end retail business owners. Many of those people have great people skills and can develop a career as an elite retail performer.

As [Fortune magazine writer] Geoff Colvin states in his book, “Humans are Underrated,” “Being a great performer is becoming less about what we know, and more about what we are like. The most valuable people are increasingly relationship workers.”

Eyes on the prizeEyes on the prize

In terms of the faculty, are you turning to experienced retail executives or is it you and your team?
I will personally train the initial classes along with top-tier retail experts. Then I will focus on scaling the business with excellence.

We currently have a waiting list of top retail executives at all levels who would love to teach, mentor and coach our students using our proprietary methods.

We intend to scale slowly.

As my Stanford Professor, Dr. Huggy Rao, likes to say, “Sometimes you have to scale slowly to scale with excellence.”

Milton Pedraza is CEO of the Retail Performance Academy and the Luxury InstituteMilton Pedraza is CEO of the Retail Performance Academy and the Luxury Institute

So what kind of training with these students receive that will make them store-ready upon graduation?
We teach students to be the entrepreneurs of their lives.

Initially, students will receive training on determining their life purpose and true values.

Then, they will have extensive field projects and presentations, and rigorous team exercises using deliberate practice, particularly on building extraordinary client experiences and mastering emotional intelligence skills. They will continuously practice communication skills. They will learn to self-assess, confront the reality of their behaviors, and how those behaviors measurably affect high performance.

Finally, they will have exposure to retail experts and top executives who will mentor and coach them on the opportunities of a high performance retail career.

What will the curriculum look like?
The curriculum is based on training and development science gathered from the military, top-tier hospital operating rooms, top-gun pilot training, cognitive psychology and our expertise in achieving documented results with luxury brands.

The methods are designed to minimize errors and optimize results.

The program content is confidential, but let me give you some concrete examples.

Most retail associates receive ineffective robotic training, and they will never be allowed to be creative and participate in designing a retail-training program.

Retail Performance Academy students, working in teams under the guidance of expert instructors, will create a comprehensive retail-training program. They will rigorously practice training other teams, and receive instant feedback. This achieves a high level of mastery.

As another example, the students will learn the skills of measuring and assessing their own behaviors daily. They will become self-coaching entrepreneurs within the brand.

We know of no entity, even the Ivy League, that includes such a hands-on, rigorous level of practice.

Milton Pedraza at Stanford UniversityMilton Pedraza at Stanford University

How will you win accreditation from retailers for your organization?
We are not seeking accreditation, nor do we expect students to be funded by government loans.

The Retail Performance Academy program’s reputation will be based on how well we select, train and help place our students at top-tier brands.

As with Luxury Institute, our performance will be judged by documented results over time.

After speaking with more than 50 top retail executives, all have expressed interest in fast-tracking our students through the interview process.

Over time, as our graduates achieve great results, our reputation will grow and that will be more credible than any accreditation can ever offer.

It’s surprising that various trade associations haven’t allied with universities to produce retail sales talent for the retail business. Why do you think that’s the case?
The importance of properly selecting and training front-line professionals has not been fully leveraged.

No educational institution currently offers world-class training in front-line selling skills.

A few certificate programs exist that have online modules and/or classroom lectures.

We believe that high-performance relationship building can only be learned through rigorous, live deliberate practice.

There is a crisis today in retail.

Simply put, there are many high-paying, front-line jobs in retail and a lack of qualified candidates.

Many retail executives that I meet lament privately that the retail industry fails to select and educate most of the people they recruit.

Meanwhile, the industry bleeds associates, and clients, who are dissatisfied with the experience, even at top-tier luxury brands.

Retail Performance Academy is an innovative solution to the crisis.

Good service sparklesGood service sparkles

How much are you charging students for the course?
The fee is $9,500 for a one-year program that includes 10 weeks, three nights per week, plus nine additional months of coaching and mentoring.

We expect that most of those accepted will work while attending our program.

Over time, we will provide full, or partial scholarships, at our discretion, to applicants who demonstrate a need.

Placement services – are you offering that as well as any apprenticeship?
Using our vast retail network, we will provide a best efforts service of fast-tracking the resumes of our students into top-tier brands.

Having the 14-year proven track record and network of Luxury Institute is helpful in gaining initial credibility and achieving interviews for our students.

The Retail Performance Academy is a step in the education direction, away from your consultancy leitmotif. How are you going to juggle the two?
Retail Performance Academy is simply another way to serve brands, although with a wide scope, beyond luxury brands.

Luxury Institute will always remain a boutique research and high-performance consultancy specialized in luxury.

Retail Performance Academy is geared to be a larger, yet selective, training program that serves, first and foremost, student careers and lives. The students, in turn, will serve the top-tier brands and their clients.

Retail’s known for its high rate of talent churn. Will this training help stem that?
Yes, we believe the future of front-line retail will be revolutionized.

Front-line associates will be selected for great people skills, much the same as coders today are selected for their great technical skills.

There will be educational specialization in high-performance relationship building skills based on expertise in emotional intelligence.

While most people think emotional intelligence is innate, the research shows it can be taught to anyone.

Those born with an innate talent for emotional intelligence will do far better at client relationship building if they apply that talent.

Retail Performance Academy will deliver Ivy League quality selection, training and networking to our qualified applicants.

Setting store by a bright futureSetting store by a bright future

What goal have you set for your first year of operation?
Our research shows there is a tremendous need in the marketplace.

We expect to see a large number of applicants in our first year.

However, to ensure we maintain our high standards and credibility, we will be extremely selective.

As Professor Rao of Stanford always recommends in scaling up excellence, Retail Performance Academy will always “do the right thing, even when no one else is looking.”

https://youtu.be/igfOHR1hrec

Source: https://www.luxurydaily.com/eyeing-incipient-need-luxury-institute-founder-launches-retail-performance-academy/

November 1, 2016

Affluent consumers to decrease luxury market spend, says Luxury Institute

Luxury Daily
November 1, 2016
By: Brielle Jaekel

The drastic shift in consumer behavior from the rapid evolution of technology has resulted in a 20 percent drop in customer spend with luxury brands, according to the Luxury Institute.

 Luxury Institute’s “2016 State of the Luxury Industry” report shows that consumers are spending much less in the luxury market compared to two years ago, but luxury marketers will have an uphill battle to determine how to combat this. While digital and mobile avenues are vital to success for any retailer or brand, it seems that affluent consumers are interested more in shopping with luxury brands at bricks-and-mortar locations.

The report surveyed 3,900 affluent consumers from the U.S., U.K., Europe, Japan and China, all of which made higher than $150,000 USD, £60,000, EUR50,000, 1 million CNY and Japan ¥150 million.

 Consumer habits

Luxury spending in the United States is ahead of many other countries, but the United Kingdom and Italy are leading the pack. The average spend within the luxury market in Italy is expected to be $17,660, $16,715 in the U.K. and $16,360 in the U.S.

Brands must now focus on how to properly balance ecommerce initiatives and in-store strategy to appeal to the modern affluent U.S. consumer. Bricks-and-mortar are making a slight comeback with 54 percent of high-net-worth individuals preferring to shop in store for luxury brands, compared to only 49 percent two years ago.

Hugo Boss New York Fifth Ave store 400

Social media is now the main avenue luxury fashion brands are using to communicate with consumers for customer service, with 58 percent leveraging Facebook Messenger, according to another report from L2.

Traditional customer service communication platforms are tired and outdated, and consumers now expect a more modern method for reaching out to brands and retailers. Many brands are taking note and launching communication methods on mobile messaging platforms such as Facebook Messenger, with 71 percent of watch and jewelry brands following suit (see more).

The growth of the luxury market is slowing, with only 19 percent of high-income individuals planning to spend more within the next year, compared to the 30 percent from two years ago.

While growth will slow, many U.S. consumers are still planning to spend on luxury goods and services. For instance, 92 percent of affluent consumers in the U.S. plan to spend money on luxury brands within the next 12 months.

The average anticipated spend per consumer is estimated to be $16,360, dropping almost $4,000 from $20,085 in 2014.

Luxury sectors

Watches, fine art, handbags, home appliances and jewelry are likely to be the areas hurt the most from the cut back. About 33 percent of consumers claiming to cutback on spend with watches, 28 percent on art, 24 percent on handbags and home appliances and 23 percent on jewelry.

Michael Kors Access smartwatch

However, travel remains as the dominating sector in which U.S. consumers with high incomes will be spending with luxury brands.

Hilton-owned Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts climbed the ranks in terms of international brand awareness, despite consumers spending less time traveling, according to another report from Luxury Institute.

JW Marriott, InterContinental, Four Seasons, Grand Hyatt and The Ritz-Carlton maintained their places as the most visited hotel brands, reported last year and this year in the LBSI Global Hotel study. However, affluent consumers are cutting down on hotel stays with modest decrease in number of nights stayed (see more).

“The biggest surprise is that while ecommerce is critical to success in luxury, slightly more consumers still prefer the store experience,” Mr. Pedraza said. “Additionally luxury consumers are following less, not more, luxury brands on social media.

“As millennials mature they are recognizing that they have to focus on careers and relationships, not just social media,” he said.

Source: https://www.luxurydaily.com/affluent-consumers-to-decrease-spending-in-luxury-marketers/

September 27, 2016

Meet the Third Cohort of the Stanford Latino Entrepreneur Leaders Program

LBAN
September 27, 2016

PALO ALTO, Calif.Sept. 26, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — The Latino Business Action Network (LBAN) has selected 77 Latino entrepreneurs from across the United States to be a part of the third cohort of the Stanford Latino Entrepreneur Leaders Program (SLELP3). SLELP3 is a six-week program jointly developed by Stanford faculty and LBAN.  Its focus is to help Latino business owners scale – i.e., grow – their businesses. As part of this immersive six-week program, SLELP3 provides participants with valuable concepts and frameworks, enhanced access to capital, personal mentorship from successful entrepreneurs and investors, and a better understanding of the capital resources necessary to grow their businesses, create jobs, and build a stronger economy.

The applicant selection criteria was developed to rigorously filter very early stage companies and target those companies that have received market and/or investor validation. To be considered for this program, the preferred criteria for applicants is to have either generated $1 million in revenue or have raised $500k in funding. As part of the six-week program, the entrepreneurs will take a customized online course based on curriculum developed by two Stanford Professors; Huggy Rao, Stanford Graduate School of Business Faculty and Bob SuttonStanford School of Engineering Faculty, who are internationally recognized as experts in scaling businesses.

SLELP3 business owners are part of an elite and talented group of innovators and business leaders whose drive, work ethic, and ambition will help to grow our economy and communities across the United States.

See the businesses below:

About Stanford University and LBAN Collaboration 

LBAN and Stanford University collaborate on programs for Latino Entrepreneurs including the research focused Stanford Latino Entrepreneurship Initiative (SLEI) and the Stanford Latino Entrepreneur Leaders Program (SLELP). LBAN endeavors to make America stronger by empowering Latino entrepreneurs to grow large businesses through entrepreneurship research, education, and networks. LBAN’s ultimate goal is to double the number of $100 million and $1 billion Latino owned businesses by 2020.

To find out more about our programs, visit www.LatinoEI.org.

Source: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/meet-the-third-cohort-of-the-stanford-latino-entrepreneur-leaders-program-300333852.html 

November 25, 2015

Nordstrom, Bergdorf Goodman lead retailers in overall satisfaction: report

Luxury Daily
November 25, 2015
By: Forrest Cardamenis

Department store chain Nordstrom is the top-rated luxury retailer, according to findings detailed in The Luxury Institute’s third annual Luxury Multi-Channel Engagement Index.

Consumers evaluated six luxury fashion retailers both in-store and online across a total of 31 attributes – 15 online and 16 in-store. Because the findings come from consumers, they can help each retailer determine which areas it needs to improve on and what specialties will help distinguish it from competitors.

“[We wanted] to get the voice of the client, not to have a panel of experts, not to have one individual,” said Milton Pedraza, CEO of The Luxury Institute. “This is the wealthy consumer rating their own experiences, these are all clients of the brands.”

Ahead of the pack
Barneys New York, Bergdorf Goodman, Bloomingdale’s, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom and Saks Fifth Avenue were evaluated on the ease of 14 common criteria both online and in-store. In addition, there was one additional criterion for online shopping and two for in-store.

The common traits are: finding desired products, the perception consumers had of the retailer, product selection, customizability, customer service, policy on returns and exchanges, product displays, exclusive or limited products.

Traits also included whether selections were relevant to the consumer’s lifestyle, the availability of proper sizes, pricing, loyalty programs, confidence that the retailer would meet the consumer’s needs and how often products from that retailer receive compliments.

SAKS 5th Ave
Dior beauty counter at Saks Fifth Avenue

Respondents had a median age of 52, minimum household income of $150,000 and an average of $289,000 and $2.9 million in net worth, numbers that align with luxury retailers at large. Among the findings about consumers is that twice as much spending takes place in-store, with women and consumers under 45 years of age being more likely to spend online.

Bergdorf Goodman beat out Nordstrom in some notable categories. It is best perceived as a luxury retailer, as having the best prices and having the best personalized shopping experience.

However, Bergdorf Goodman has only two stores, one for men and the larger for women, both on Fifth Avenue in New York, whereas Nordstrom has 118, which will play into perceptions of luxury. Nevertheless, Bergdorf Goodman’s relative aversion to discounting did not stop consumers from highlighting its prices.
Nordstrom
Nordstrom

Nordstrom topped the rankings of more categories than any other retailer. Among them: its convenient refund/return policy, carrying relevant products and styles, having a navigable Web site, including helpful ratings and reviews and good shipping policies online, convenient locations and in carrying products that are complimented by others. It also beat out national retailers in prices and having good personalized shopping.

Fittingly, Nordstrom is the most popular retailer online and leads in market-share on both channels.

Tough times

Mobile transactions do not comprise a large share of the revenue for any of the retailers. While mobile is an important part of the transaction journey for many consumers, who use it to research and in-store to compare prices and selection, it has not yet become a major source of transactions.

Retailers are missing out on significant revenue opportunities by failing to personalize consumers’ shopping experiences, thanks to the lack of adaptive pages, product recommendations and search functionalities on their mobile sites, according to a Retail Systems Research report.

In its “Personalization Across Digital Channels” report, sponsored by predictive analytics platform Reflektion, Retail Systems Research highlights the major faux paus that brands commit when it comes to mobile commerce. As consumers’ expectations for retailers’ digital offerings grow higher, marketers must deliver optimized experiences, including saved search histories, suggestions on previous purchases and responsive pages tailored to each device (see story).

neiman.hudson yards rendering
Neiman Marcus Hudson Yards rendering

Nevertheless, online shares have grown and retailers have proven themselves adaptable to new technology.

“I think what [the data] tells you is that, even though we thought that the luxury multi brand chains were going to be overrun with the likes of Amazon and others, that just hasn’t happened,” Mr. Pedraza said. “They have become very nimble and very agile at online and ecommerce. Don’t underestimate these omnichannel chains. They definitely will rise to the occasion.”

One of the major obstacles in both ecommerce and in being perceived as luxury is in discounting. Discounting is a surefire way to lure in new consumers short-term but represents longer-term risks for the brand.

As a result, many retailers have opened up discount stores, which, despite also risking perception, could become a venue to funnel discounted merchandise and leave the main store full-price.

Although this change could not be implemented suddenly without alienating some consumers, there are already signs that it is taking place and may become more visible as holiday shopping is amped up.

Bloomingdale's Ala Moana exterior
Bloomingdale’s Ala Moana exterior

Consumers should expect a reduction in holiday promotions from retailers, according to a recent report by Upstream Commerce.

Based on the past two years of holiday promotions, the report predicts that 2015 will see a decrease in both the number of products discounted and in the discount rate. Fewer sales incentives and lower discounts could indicate a new strategy based on the “right” offering rather than simply presenting more promotions (see story).

“There is a lot of discounting out there, but full-price will remain relevant,” Mr. Pedraza said. “Unfortunately I suspect there will be a lot of discounting in the fourth quarter because when you enter their store they are flushed with inventory, all of them, so I think there’s going to be a big reduction.

“Traffic is down dramatically in all of these stores — some insider estimates, people on the inside of these companies, place traffic down anywhere from 20 to 30 percent,” he said. “It’s going to be a very tough fourth quarter, at least on market.

“We may see the top line improvement because of the discounting and you’re going to sell more, but we may see that the margins erode and by the way we may see comps that are not that good. Luxury right is in a very tough place, nowhere near what it was in 2008, everybody is suffering.”

Source: http://www.luxurydaily.com/nordstrom-leads-retailers-in-overall-satisfaction-luxury-institute/?utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2Ft.co%2FFFJxcMPESf%2Fs%2FAiXG&utm_referrer=direct%2Fnot%20provided

 

October 22, 2015

She Who Controls the Purse Strings

IDEX
October 22, 2015
By: Danielle Max

There’s good news from a recent survey released by the Luxury Institute, which revealed that watch and jewelry companies are more successfully marketing to affluent women these days. In fact, 62 percent of respondents said that these companies do a good job of marketing to them; up from 53 percent in 2012.

The research from the New York-based Luxury Institute ranks industries and specific brands based on their success marketing to women with a minimum household income of $150,000 per year. Respondents reported average household income of $289,000, and a $2.9 million average net worth, so these are exactly the sort of households that the diamond and jewelry industries need to be targeting.

Overall, the watch and jewelry category ranks fifth among industries trying to sell their goods to women – and, given that high-ticket items such as watches and jewelry are not exactly a spur of the moment purchase – that seems pretty good to me.

The top four industries most frequently viewed as doing a good job marketing to women from high-income households through advertising and social media are clothing (75%), shampoos and conditioners (74%), fragrances and cosmetics (72%) and shoes (72%).

And it seems that marketeers overall are doing a better job of selling to what is clearly a key demographic. The Luxury Institute says that compared to 2012, each of these categories enjoys a wider share of women who view their marketing efforts favorably.

However, lest you think the gender gap is a thing of the past, among the industries that affluent women say are doing the poorest jobs of marketing to them are insurance, liquor, electronics, banks, brokerages and private jets, each of which earns an approval rating of less than 5 percent and has fallen in approval since 2012.

In addition, the automobile industry also needs to stop thinking (and acting as if) men hold the purse strings. Apparently, only 6 percent of women are impressed by the efforts of car companies to market to them.

Of course, it’s not just money that comes into play in such issues. According to the research, affluent women in the 45-64 age bracket are much more likely than women under the age of 45 to say that companies are doing well in marketing specifically to them.

Part of the problem seems to be that companies just don’t seem to realize who they should be targeting. The Luxury Institute specifically singles out married women who, according to its research, make two-thirds of all household purchasing decisions.

“Women maintain huge economic power and it is a necessity for companies to step up marketing and how they connect with affluent women regardless of industry,” says Luxury Institute CEO Milton Pedraza. “Research that includes speaking directly with these women about what appeals to them and what turns them off removes much of the guesswork in making marketing decisions.”

We couldn’t agree more.

Have a fabulous weekend.

Source: http://www.idexonline.com/Memo?Id=41250

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